Culture & History Digital Journal, Vol 9, No 1 (2020)

Physical Violence, Public Violence: Searching for Mechanisms of Social Domination


https://doi.org/10.3989/chdj.2020.009

Rafael Micó
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Prehistòria, Spain
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2957-3182

Abstract


The explanation of the worldwide spread and long-term maintenance of economic asymmetries and centralized and hierarchical political structures is a major concern for sociological and humanistic disciplines. This problem may be formulated as a paradox when exploited and victimized groups overtly support the social order that subdues them. Archaeology is able to address this problem from a broad and long-term perspective. The aim of this paper is to discuss the implications of public, lethal physical violence in the context of class societies. These are characterized by economic exploitation, centralization of political power, labour specialization and heavy restrictions of vital and cognitive perspectives for most of the population. It is suggested that key social relations under these conditions could be similar to the hostage-captor bond. Henceforth, inferences based on social and psychobiological reasoning are suggested in order to solve the aforementioned social paradox.

Keywords


Violence; Social Classes: Civilization: Seclusion: Victimization: Appeasement; Social Control

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