Culture & History Digital Journal, Vol 1, No 2 (2012)

New Challenges for Urban History: Culture, Networks, Globalization


https://doi.org/10.3989/chdj.2012.008

Marjatta Hietala
University of Tampere, Finland

Abstract


Urban history is a very lively and dynamic research field, showing strict parallelism with the fast increasing of the urban population. Today, competitiveness is one of the key aims for cities in the globalized world. Factors such as accessibility and infrastructure, industry, human capital, innovation, and investment, green spaces, affordable housing, business support and quality of education are necessaries. However, the OECD recognizes three dilemmas in this strategic vision, concerning the spill over of metro-regions, the public strategic vision, and the relationship between economic dynamism and the liveable city. Today urban historians are facing some general challenges: comparative aspects are needed; also interdisciplinarity to develop cooperation between disciplines; and for maintaining the professional status of academic urban history. The expanding networks between towns and cities, and the meeting places as conferences and exhibitions are considered, as they are the multitudinous challenges and threats, especially for those cities suffering continuously of major natural and man-made disasters. Moreover, new amalgams of hazard are being created in metropolitan areas with overlapping natural, technological, biological and social risks, exposing more people and places, needing safety and security.

Keywords


city; urban history; comparative history; mega-cities; risks; environment

Full Text:


HTML PDF XML

References


Bairoch, Paul (1988) Cities and Economic Development: From the Dawn of History to the Present. University of Chicago Press.

Clark, Peter (editor) (1995) Small towns in Early Modern Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ed. de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris.

Clark, Peter (editor) (2006) The European City and Green Space. London, Stockholm, Helsinki and St. Petersburg, 1850–2000. Ashgate, Padstow.

Davis, Mike (2006) Planet of Slums. Verso, London, New York.

Geppert, Alexander C.T. (2009) Fleeting Cities. Imperial exhibitions in Fin-de-Siècle Europe. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. PMCid:2720243

Hietala, Marjatta (1987) Services and Urbanization at the Turn of the Century. The Diffusion of Innovations. Studia Historica 23, Finnish Historical Society, Helsinki. PMCid:299664

Hietala, Marjatta (2003) “Transfer of German and Scandinavian Administrative Knowledge: Examples from Helsinki and the Association of Finnish Cities, 1870–1939”. In: Jahrbuch für europäische Verwaltungsgeschichte (JEV). Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden, pp. 109–130.

Hietala, Marjatta (2008). In Another Global City: Historical Explorations into the Transnational Municipal Moment, 1850–2000, Saunier, Pierre-Yves and Ewen, Shane. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp. 184–193.

Hietala, Marjatta; Helminen, Martti and Lahtinen, Merja (editors) (2009) Helsinki - Helsingfors. Historiallinen Kaupunkikartasto - Historic Towns Atlas. Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskus/Kaupunginarkisto (Helsinki Urban Facts), Helsinki.

Hohenberg, Paul M. and Lees, Lynn Hollen (1995) The Making of Urban Europe, 1000–1994. Harvard University Press.

Jansen, Harry S.J. (1996) "Wrestling with the angel: on problems of definition in urban historiography", Urban History, 23: 277–299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0963926800016874

Lampard, Eric (1963) “Urbanization and social change: on broadening the scope and relevance of urban history”. In: The historian and the city, Handlin, Oscar and Burchard, John, MIT Press, Cambridge Mass., pp. 225–247.

Maddison, Angus (2001) The World Economy. A millennial perspective. OECD Development Centre Studies, OECD Publishing, Paris.

Mercer (2011) Quality of Living Worldwide City Rankings. http://www.mercer.com/press-releases/quality-of-living-report-2011 [accessed 08/October/2012]

Mitchell, Brian R. (1988) Abstract of British Historical Statistics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Mitchell, Brian R. (1998) International historical statistics: Europe 1750–1993. 4th ed. Macmillan Reference, London; Stockton Press, New York.

Mitchell, James K. (editor) (1999) Crucibles of Hazard. Megacities and Disasters in Transition. United Nations University Press, Tokyo.

OECD (2006) “Competitiveness, Liveability and Strategic Vision”. In: OECD Territorial Reviews: Competitive Cities in the Global Economy 55: 85–153. http://browse.oecdbookshop.org/oecd/pdfs/product/0406041e.pdf [accessed 08/October/2012]

Rodger, Richard (1993)Theory, practice and urban history. In: European Urban History, Rodger, Richard. Leicester University Press, Leicester, pp. 1–18. PMid:8234885

Sassen, Saskia (editor) (2002) Global Networks, Linked Cities. Routledge, New York.

Saunier, Pierre-Yves (2008) “Introduction. Global City, Take 2: A view from Urban History”. In: Another Global City: Historical Explorations into the Transnational Municipal Moment, 1850–2000, Saunier, Pierre-Yves and Ewen, Shane. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp. 1–18.

Sellers, Jeffrey M. (2003) “Transnational urban associations and the State: contemporary Europe compared with the Hanseatic League”. In: Formation und Transfer städtischen Verwaltungswissens, Randeraad, Nico. Jahrbuch für Europäische Verwaltungsgeschichte Band 15, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden, pp. 289–308.

Sutcliffe, Anthony (1981) Towards the Planned City: Germany, Britain, the United States and France 1780–1914. Comparative Studies in Social and Economic History No. 3, Blackwell, Oxford.

Taylor, Peter J. (2004) World City Network. A Global Urban Analysis. Routledge, London.

Vale, Lawrence J. and Campanella, Thomas J. (editors) (2005) The Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster. Oxford University Press, New York.

Vries, Jan de (1984) European Urbanization 1500–1800. Methuen and Co., London




Copyright (c) 2012 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Contact: historia.digital@cchs.csic.es

Technical support: soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es